Your Grandpa did CrossFit?
The Army first introduced a formal fitness test to the troops in 1942. Millions of men were being called up to fight in World War II, and not all of them were prepared for the rigors of combat. To get the men in fighting shape, the Army implemented a systematic physical development program as part of the Combat Basic Training course. And the Army Ground Forces Test was designed to assess whether the program was having its desired effect. The test included squat jumps, sit-ups, pull-ups, push-ups, and a 300 yard run. The emphasis was on functional fitness and giving American GI’s the strength, mobility, and endurance they would need to tackle real tasks on the battlefield.
In 1946, a Physical Training School was created at Fort Bragg with the mission of exploring how to take the goal of functional fitness farther. The training program developed at the school and the fitness test were codified in the 1946 edition of FM 21-20, the Army’s physical training manual.
Basically, Grandpa was doing CrossFit before it was cool.
The WWII Fitness Test
|OUTDOOR TESTS||INDOOR TESTS|
|1. Pullups||1. Pullups|
|2. Squat Jumps||2. Squat Jumps|
|3. Pushups||3. Pushups|
|4. Situps||4. Situps|
|5. 300-yard Run||5A. Indoor Shuttle Run|
|5A(1). 60-Second Squat Thrusts|
100 wall balls
80 box jumps
60 KB swings
40 push ups
Row 10 x 250m, rest 1 minute between intervals